EdfuTemple2Temple of Horus at Edfu

The temple of the falcon god Horus is the best preserved among the Graeco-Roman temples and the most detailed on matters of cult and temple functions.

A close cult connection existed between the Temple of Edfu and the Temple of the goddess Hathor at Dendera. Every year, on a fixed date, a fleet of boats towed the sacred bark of Hathor upstream, accompanied by many pilgrims participating in the festivities of the “beautiful reunion” of the two lovers Hathor and Horus. The celebration lasted fourteen days, where after Hathor and her cortege made their way back to the temple in Dendera. The product of their union was the child Harsomtous, who thus completed the divine triad.

The legitimate king regarded himself as Horus; therefore much emphasis was placed on the myth of the triumph of Horus over his enemy Seth, represented as a hippopotamus in the hieroglyphic scenes on the walls.